Silene L. (Caryophyllaceae)

Silene (Viscaria) chungtienensis 10 Copenhagen Bot Garden 140515 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene (Viscaria) chungtienensis 3 Copenhagen Bot Garden 140515 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene (Viscaria) chungtienensis 4 Copenhagen Bot Garden 140515 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene (Viscaria) chungtienensis 5 Copenhagen Bot Garden 140515 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene (Viscaria) chungtienensis 7 Copenhagen Bot Garden 140515 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene (Viscaria) chungtienensis 9 Copenhagen Bot Garden 140515 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene 1 Copenhagen Bot Garden 150812 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene acaulis 1 Stubnerkogel, Austria 080702 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene acaulis 2 Stubnerkogel, Austria 080702 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene acaulis 3 Kopparåsen, Torne Lappmark 110727 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene acaulis 4 Kopparåsen, Torne Lappmark 110727 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene acaulis 5 Ansätten, Jämtland 090704 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene acaulis 6 N of Russel Glacier, E of Kangerlussuaq, Greenland 140702 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene acaulis 7 N of Russel Glacier, E of Kangerlussuaq, Greenland 140702 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene acaulis 8 N of Russel Glacier, E of Kangerlussuaq, Greenland 140702 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene alpestris (Heliosperma alpestre) 1 Göteborg Bot Garden 120628 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene alpestris (Heliosperma alpestre) 10 Lund Bot Garden 130610 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene alpestris (Heliosperma alpestre) 3 Copenhagen Bot Garden 150626 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene alpestris (Heliosperma alpestre) 4 Copenhagen Bot Garden 150626 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene alpestris (Heliosperma alpestre) 7 Lund Bot Garden 130610 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene alpestris (Heliosperma alpestre) 8 Lund Bot Garden 130610 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene armeria (Atocion armeria) 10 near Mt Varnous, N Greece 180630 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene armeria (Atocion armeria) 11 near Mt Varnous, N Greece 180630 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene armeria (Atocion armeria) 12 near Mt Varnous, N Greece 180630 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene armeria (Atocion armeria) 15 Ulos akis near Ula, Lithuania 100714 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene armeria (Atocion armeria) 2 Copenhagen Bot Garden 130807 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene armeria (Atocion armeria) 2 Lund Bot Garden 130619 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene armeria (Atocion armeria) 3 Copenhagen Bot Garden 130807 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene armeria (Atocion armeria) 4 Copenhagen Bot Garden 130807 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene armeria (Atocion armeria) 5 Copenhagen Bot Garden 150812 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene armeria (Atocion armeria) 6 Copenhagen Bot Garden 150812 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene asclepiadea 2 Yunnan 1107 ( (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene asterias (Viscaria asterias) 1 Mt Voras (Kajmakcalan), N Greece 180701 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene asterias (Viscaria asterias) 2 Mt Voras (Kajmakcalan), N Greece 180701 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene asterias (Viscaria asterias) 3 Mt Voras (Kajmakcalan), N Greece 180701 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene asterias (Viscaria asterias) 4 Mt Voras (Kajmakcalan), N Greece 180701 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene asterias (Viscaria asterias) 5 Mt Voras (Kajmakcalan), N Greece 180701 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene asterias (Viscaria asterias) 6 Mt Voras (Kajmakcalan), N Greece 180701 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene atropurpurea (Viscaria atropurpurea) 4 Mt Varnous, N Greece 180630 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene baccifera 1 Aizkraukle, Latvia 060710 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene baccifera 10 Copenhagen Bot Garden 140719 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene baccifera 11 Lund Bot Garden 130826 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene baccifera 12 Lund Bot Garden 130826 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene baccifera 14 Bergianska 060830 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene baccifera 15 Bergianska 060830 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene baccifera 16 Lund Bot Garden 130826 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene baccifera 2 Aizkraukle, Latvia 060710 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene baccifera 3 between Slutiski and Verveli at Daugava, Latvia 100711 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene baccifera 4 between Slutiski and Verveli at Daugava, Latvia 100711 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene baccifera 5 Copenhagen Bot Garden 140719 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene baccifera 6 Copenhagen Bot Garden 140719 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene baccifera 7 Copenhagen Bot Garden 140719 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene baccifera 8 Copenhagen Bot Garden 140719 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene baccifera 9 Copenhagen Bot Garden 140719 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene behen 1 Copenhagen Bot Garden 130807 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene behen 2 Copenhagen Bot Garden 130807 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene behen 3 Copenhagen Bot Garden 130807 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene behen 4 Spili, Crete 110329 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene bupleuroides 2 Lund Bot Garden 160704 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene bupleuroides 3 Lund Bot Garden 160704 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene bupleuroides 4 Lund Bot Garden 160704 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene burchellii ssp pilosellifolia 7 Fernkloof, Hermanus, Wester Cape, South Africa 160927 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene burchellii ssp pilosellifolia 9 Fernkloof, Hermanus, Wester Cape, South Africa 160927 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene cf fimbriata 2 Copenhagen Bot Garden 130625 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene cf fimbriata 3 Copenhagen Bot Garden 130625 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene cf himalayensis 2 Baimashan, Yunnan 110710 (Lennart Nelsson) - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene cf involucrata 6 Store Saltsö, Kangerlussuaq, Greenland 140701 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene cf involucrata 7 Store Saltsö, Kangerlussuaq, Greenland 140701 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene cf involucrata 8 Tacan, Kangerlussuaq, Greenland 140629 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene cf involucrata 9 Tacan, Kangerlussuaq, Greenland 140629 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene cf pindicola 4 Lund Bot Garden 130627 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene cf sorensenis 2 Tacan, Kangerlussuaq, Greenland 140629 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene cf succulenta 1 Gavdhos, Crete 800509 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene cf succulenta 2 Gavdhos, Crete 800509 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene cf undulata 1 Copenhagen Bot Garden 080710 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene cf undulata 2 Copenhagen Bot Garden 080710 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene cf undulata 3 Copenhagen Bot Garden 080710 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene chalcedonica 2 Copenhagen Bot Garden 130625 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene chalcedonica 3 Toftagården, Tofta, Gotland 070805 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene chlorantha 6 Kehgarags in Riga, Latvia 060711 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene chlorantha 7 Kehgarags in Riga, Latvia 060711 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene chlorantha 8 Kehgarags in Riga, Latvia 060711 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene coeli-rosa (Eudianthe coeli-rosa) 3 (cult) Lund Sk 140719 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene coeli-rosa (Eudianthe coeli-rosa) 4 (cult) Lund Sk 140719 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene coeli-rosa (Eudianthe coeli-rosa) 5 (cult) Lund Sk 140719 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene coeli-rosa (Eudianthe coeli-rosa) 6 (cult) Lund Sk 140719 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene coeli-rosa (Eudianthe coeli-rosa) 7 (cult) Lund Sk 140719 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene colorata 1 Pereli, Crete 110327 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene colorata 2 Pereli, Crete 110327 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene colorata 4 Hoces del Rio Duratón near Sepúlveda SP 140505 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene compacta (Atocion compactum) NW of Dadia, Thracia, Greece 060606 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene conica 6 Hammars backar Sk 120526 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene conica 7 Hammars backar Sk 120526 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene conoidea Copenhagen Bot Garden 130807 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene coronaria 6 Lund Sk 130627 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene coronaria 7 Lund Bot Garden 070720 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene coronaria 8 Lund Bot Garden 070720 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene dichotoma 7 SE of Megali Limni, Lesvos, Greece 100515 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene dioica 1 W of Osbyholm, Hörby Sk 140501 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene dioica 10 Verkasjön, Andrarum, Sk 120610 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene dioica 2 W of Osbyholm, Hörby Sk 140501 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene dioica 3 W of Osbyholm, Hörby Sk 140501 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene dioica 7 Fågelsång, Södra Sandby Sk 130607 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene dioica 8 Verkasjön, Andrarum, Sk 120610 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene dioica 9 Verkasjön, Andrarum, Sk 120610 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene echinata 3 Copenhagen Bot Garden 130807 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene echinata 5 Copenhagen Bot Garden 150812 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene echinata 8 Copenhagen Bot Garden 150812 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene echinata 9 Copenhagen Bot Garden 150812 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene fabaria 3 NW of Mandamados, Lesvos, Greece 100514 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene fabaria 5 NW of Mandamados, Lesvos, Greece 100514 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene fabarioides 1 above Metsovon, Greece 180627 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene fabarioides 2 above Metsovon, Greece 180627 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene fabarioides 5 above Metsovon, Greece 180627 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene fabarioides 6 the Katara Pass, N Greece 180627 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene flos-cuculi 5 E of Lund Sk 130607 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene flos-jovis 2 Lund Bot Garden 130610 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene flos-jovis 4 Lund Bot Garden 160530 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene flos-jovis 5 Lund Bot Garden 160530 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene frivaldszkyana 10 near Lake Mikri Prespa, N Greece 180629 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene frivaldszkyana 11 near Lake Mikri Prespa, N Greece 180629 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene frivaldszkyana 14 Copenhagen Bot Garden 150812 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene frivaldszkyana 4 near Lake Mikri Prespa, N Greece 180628 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene frivaldszkyana 5 near Lake Mikri Prespa, N Greece 180628 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene fuscata 2 Copenhagen Bot Garden 150812 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene gallica 2 Copenhagen Bot Garden 150812 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene gallica 3 near Trujillo SP 140509 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene gallica 4 near Trujillo SP 140509 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene gigantea 2 N of Gerakini, Greece 050525 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene gigantea 3 N of Gerakini, Greece 050525 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene gigantea 4 N of Gerakini, Greece 050525 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene glaucifolia ssp glaucifolia (Petrocoptis glaucifolia ssp glaucifolia) 3 San Juan de la Peña, Belchite area, NE Spain 180523 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene glaucifolia ssp glaucifolia (Petrocoptis glaucifolia ssp glaucifolia) 5 San Juan de la Peña, Belchite area, NE Spain 180523 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene glaucifolia ssp glaucifolia (Petrocoptis glaucifolia ssp glaucifolia) 6 San Juan de la Peña, Belchite area, NE Spain 180523 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene glaucifolia ssp glaucifolia (Petrocoptis glaucifolia ssp glaucifolia) 7 San Juan de la Peña, Belchite area, NE Spain 180523 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene haussknechtii 1 the Katara Pass, N Greece 180627 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene haussknechtii 2 the Katara Pass, N Greece 180627 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene haussknechtii 3 the Katara Pass, N Greece 180627 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene haussknechtii 4 the Katara Pass, N Greece 180627 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene haussknechtii 5 the Katara Pass, N Greece 180627 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene haussknechtii 6 the Katara Pass, N Greece 180627 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene haussknechtii 7 the Katara Pass, N Greece 180627 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene haussknechtii 8 the Katara Pass, N Greece 180627 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene heuffelii 2 northwestern Romania 090616 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene heuffelii 3 northwestern Romania 090616 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene involucrata Longyearbyen, Svalbard 790703 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene italica ssp italica 2 Ipsilou, Lesvos, Greece 130507 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene italica ssp italica 3 Ipsilou, Lesvos, Greece 130507 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene italica ssp italica 4 Holomondas, Greece 050528 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene laciniata 3 Lund Bot Garden 070727 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene laciniata 4 Göteborg Bot Garden 120627 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene lanceolata 1 Olinda Endangered Plant Facility, East Maui, Hawaii 130718 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene lanceolata 3 Olinda Endangered Plant Facility, East Maui, Hawaii 130718 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene lanceolata 4 Olinda Endangered Plant Facility, East Maui, Hawaii 130718 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene lanceolata 5 Olinda Endangered Plant Facility, East Maui, Hawaii 130718 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene lanceolata 6 Olinda Endangered Plant Facility, East Maui, Hawaii 130718 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene lanceolata 7 Olinda Endangered Plant Facility, East Maui, Hawaii 130718 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene latifolia 2 E of Lund Sk 130614 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene latifolia 3 E of Lund Sk 130614 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene latifolia 4 Garda de Sus, Romania 090615 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene latifolia 5 E of Lund Sk 130614 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene linicola 2 Copenhagen Bot Garden 130913 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene linicola 3 Copenhagen Bot Garden 130913 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene marizii 1 Göteborg Bot Garden 120628 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene marizii 2 Göteborg Bot Garden 120628 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene mollissima 1 Copenhagen Bot Garden 130625 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene mollissima 2 Copenhagen Bot Garden 130625 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene multifida 4 Göteborg Bot Garden 120628 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene multifida 5 Göteborg Bot Garden 120628 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene mundiana 1 De Hoop, Western Cape, South Africa 100921 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene mundiana 2 De Hoop, Western Cape, South Africa 100921 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene muscipula 1 Copenhagen Bot Garden 140719 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene muscipula 2 Copenhagen Bot Garden 140719 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene muscipula 3 Copenhagen Bot Garden 140719 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene muscipula 4 Copenhagen Bot Garden 140719 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene muscipula 5 Copenhagen Bot Garden 140719 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene muscipula 6 Copenhagen Bot Garden 140719 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene muscipula 7 Copenhagen Bot Garden 140719 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene nigrescens 1 Baimashan, Yunnan 110710 ( - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene noctiflora 2 Höllviken Sk 130622 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene noctiflora 3 Höllviken Sk 130622 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene noctiflora 4 Höllviken Sk 130622 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene noctiflora 5 Höllviken Sk 130622 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene nutans 1 Stammershalle, Bornholm DK 120602 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene nutans 2 Stammershalle, Bornholm DK 120602 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene nutans 3 Stammershalle, Bornholm DK 120602 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene nutans 4 Stammershalle, Bornholm DK 120602 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene otites 1 Papes Nature Park, Latvia 100715 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene otites 5 southern Fanö, Jylland DK 080808 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene parnassica 2 Copenhagen Bot Garden 130625 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene pendula 2 Copenhagen Bot Garden 130821 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene pendula 3 Göteborg Bot Garden 120628 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene pogonocalyx 1 Los Tilos from Casa del Monte, La Palma 090509 ( - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene pogonocalyx 3 Los Tilos from Casa del Monte, La Palma 090509 ( - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene portensis 2 Copenhagen Bot Garden 130821 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene portensis 3 Copenhagen Bot Garden 130821 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene portensis 5 Copenhagen Bot Garden 150812 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene pseudatocion 2 Copenhagen Bot Garden 130821 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene pseudatocion 3 Copenhagen Bot Garden 130821 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene pseudatocion 5 Copenhagen Bot Garden 130821 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).


Silene roemeri ssp macrocarpa 2 Mt Varnous, N Greece 180630 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene roemeri ssp macrocarpa 4 Mt Varnous, N Greece 180630 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene roemeri ssp macrocarpa 5 Mt Varnous, N Greece 180630 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene roemeri ssp macrocarpa 6 Mt Varnous, N Greece 180630 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene rupestris (Atocion rupestre) 2 Bad Gastein, Austria 080630 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene rupestris (Atocion rupestre) 3 Bad Gastein, Austria 080630 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene rupestris (Atocion rupestre) 4 Skärhamn, Bohuslän 120701 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene rupestris (Atocion rupestre) 5 Skärhamn, Bohuslän 120701 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene rupestris (Atocion rupestre) 7 Skärhamn, Bohuslän 120701 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene saxatilis 1 Copenhagen Bot Garden 080513 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene saxatilis 2 Copenhagen Bot Garden 080513 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene saxifraga 2 Copenhagen Bot Garden 130611 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene saxifraga 3 Copenhagen Bot Garden 130611 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene schafta 1 Copenhagen Bot Garden 080710 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene schafta 2 Lund Bot Garden 120907 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene schafta 3 Lund Bot Garden 120907 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene schafta 4 Lund Bot Garden 120907 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene schafta 6 Copenhagen Bot Garden 160713 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene schafta 7 Copenhagen Bot Garden 160713 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene schwarzenbergeri 1 near Milea, old road to Grevena, N Greece 180628 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene schwarzenbergeri 2 near Milea, old road to Grevena, N Greece 180628 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene schwarzenbergeri 4 near Milea, old road to Grevena, N Greece 180628 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene schwarzenbergeri 6 near Milea, old road to Grevena, N Greece 180628 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene schwarzenbergeri 7 near Milea, old road to Grevena, N Greece 180628 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene secundiflora 1 Copenhagen Bot Garden 130821 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene secundiflora 4 Copenhagen Bot Garden 130821 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene secundiflora 7 Copenhagen Bot Garden 150812 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene struthioloides 1 Haleakala, East Maui, Hawaii 130719 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene struthioloides 2 Haleakala, East Maui, Hawaii 130719 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene struthioloides 3 Haleakala, East Maui, Hawaii 130719 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene struthioloides 4 Haleakala, Maui, Hawaii 130716 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene struthioloides 6 Haleakala, Maui, Hawaii 130716 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene struthioloides 7 Haleakala, Maui, Hawaii 130716 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene struthioloides 9 Haleakala, Maui, Hawaii 130716 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene subconica 2 S of Pefkochori, Greece 050529 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene subconica 3 Mt Falakron, N Greece 180703 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene subconica 4 Mt Falakron, N Greece 180703 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene subconica 5 Mt Falakron, N Greece 180703 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene subconica 6 Mt Falakron, N Greece 180703 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene subconica 7 Mt Falakron, N Greece 180703 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene subintegra 1 above Metsovon, Greece 180627 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene subintegra 2 above Metsovon, Greece 180627 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene subintegra 3 above Metsovon, Greece 180627 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene subintegra 4 above Metsovon, Greece 180627 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene subintegra 5 above Metsovon, Greece 180627 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene suecica (Viscaria alpina) 10 S of Sibbaboda, Torhamn, Blekinge 160601 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene suecica (Viscaria alpina) 3 Lullihatjårro, Torne Lappmark 110728 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene suecica (Viscaria alpina) 8 S of Sibbaboda, Torhamn, Blekinge 160601 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene suecica (Viscaria alpina) 9 S of Sibbaboda, Torhamn, Blekinge 160601 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene suecica (Viscaria alpina) ssp americana 1 Mt Hassel, Kangerlussuaq, Greenland 140630 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene suecica (Viscaria alpina) ssp americana 2 Mt Hassel, Kangerlussuaq, Greenland 140630 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene suecica (Viscaria alpina) ssp americana 3 Mt Hassel, Kangerlussuaq, Greenland 140630 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene suecica (Viscaria alpina) ssp americana 4 Mt Hassel, Kangerlussuaq, Greenland 140630 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene suecica (Viscaria alpina) ssp americana 5 Mt Hassel, Kangerlussuaq, Greenland 140630 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene suecica (Viscaria alpina) ssp americana 6 Mt Hassel, Kangerlussuaq, Greenland 140630 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene suecica (Viscaria alpina) var oelandica 1 (cult) Brunnby Sk 110521 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene suecica (Viscaria alpina) var oelandica 13 Eketorp, Gräsgård, Öland 150604 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene suecica (Viscaria alpina) var oelandica 14 Eketorp, Gräsgård, Öland 150604 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene suecica (Viscaria alpina) var oelandica 15 Eketorp, Gräsgård, Öland 150604 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene suecica (Viscaria alpina) var oelandica 16 Eketorp, Gräsgård, Öland 150604 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene suecica (Viscaria alpina) var oelandica 4 Kvinnsgröta, Gräsgård, Öland 150606 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene suecica (Viscaria alpina) var oelandica 5 Kvinnsgröta, Gräsgård, Öland 150606 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene suecica (Viscaria alpina) var oelandica 6 Eketorp, Gräsgård, Öland 150604 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene suecica (Viscaria alpina) var oelandica 7 Eketorp, Gräsgård, Öland 150604 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene tatarica 4 Lappvik FI 120803 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene tatarica 5 Lappvik FI 120803 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene undulata ssp undulata 2 near Cape Point, Cape Peninsula, Western Cape, South Africa 100930 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene uniflora ssp petraea 1 Norra Gattet, Fårö, Gotland 980725 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene uniflora ssp petraea 5 Stigmyr, Hangvar, Gotland 140829 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene uniflora ssp petraea 6 Stigmyr, Hangvar, Gotland 140829 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene uniflora ssp uniflora 1 Sydkoster, Bohuslän 900630 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene uniflora ssp uniflora 2 Sydkoster, Bohuslän 900630 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene uniflora ssp uniflora 3 Copenhagen Bot Garden 130913 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene uniflora ssp uniflora 4 Copenhagen Bot Garden 130913 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene uniflora ssp uniflora 5 Copenhagen Bot Garden 130913 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene uralensis ssp arctica 2 Bolterdalen, Svalbard 790725 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene urvillei 4 Lesvos, Greece 100511 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene urvillei 5 Lesvos, Greece 100511 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene vallesia 1 Copenhagen Bot Garden 130611 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene vallesia 2 Copenhagen Bot Garden 130611 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene vallesia 3 Copenhagen Bot Garden 130611 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene vallesia 4 Copenhagen Bot Garden 130611 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene viridiflora 2 San Juan de la Peña, Belchite area, NE Spain 180523 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene viridiflora 3 San Juan de la Peña, Belchite area, NE Spain 180523 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene viridiflora 6 near Mt Varnous, N Greece 180630 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene viridiflora 7 near Mt Varnous, N Greece 180630 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene viscaria (Viscaria vulgaris) 10 Lund Sk 130603 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene viscaria (Viscaria vulgaris) 5 Stenshuvud, Södra Mellby Sk 120609 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene viscaria (Viscaria vulgaris) 6 Stenshuvud, Södra Mellby Sk 120609 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene viscaria (Viscaria vulgaris) 8 Lund Sk 130603 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene viscaria (Viscaria vulgaris) 9 Lund Sk 130603 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene viscosa 3 Norra Gattet, Fårö, Gotland 070803 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene viscosa 4 Norra Gattet, Fårö, Gotland 070803 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene vulgaris ssp vulgaris 3 Lund Sk 120702 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene vulgaris ssp vulgaris 5 Toftagården, Tofta, Gotland 070802 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene vulgaris var litoralis 3 Kallviksudden (Kallavi) FI 120728 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene zawadzkii 10 Copenhagen Bot Garden 130604 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene zawadzkii 12 Lund Bot Garden 130523 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene zawadzkii 13 Lund Bot Garden 130523 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene zawadzkii 14 Lund Bot Garden 130523 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene zawadzkii 3 Lund Bot Garden 120907 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene zawadzkii 4 Lund Bot Garden 120907 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene zawadzkii 5 Lund Bot Garden 130612 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene zawadzkii 7 Lund Bot Garden 130612 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene zawadzkii 9 Copenhagen Bot Garden 130604 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).


Silene (Viscaria) chungtienensis 1 Copenhagen Bot Garden 140515 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene (Viscaria) chungtienensis 11 Copenhagen Bot Garden 140515 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene (Viscaria) chungtienensis 2 Copenhagen Bot Garden 140515 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene (Viscaria) chungtienensis 6 Copenhagen Bot Garden 140515 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene (Viscaria) chungtienensis 8 Copenhagen Bot Garden 140515 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene aethiopica ssp aethiopica 1 Vanrhynspass, Western Cape, South Africa 100910 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene aethiopica ssp aethiopica 2 Vanrhynspass, Western Cape, South Africa 100910 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene alpestris (Heliosperma alpestre) 2 Göteborg Bot Garden 120628 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene alpestris (Heliosperma alpestre) 5 Lund Bot Garden 130610 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene alpestris (Heliosperma alpestre) 6 Lund Bot Garden 130610 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene alpestris (Heliosperma alpestre) 9 Lund Bot Garden 130610 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene armeria (Atocion armeria) 1 Copenhagen Bot Garden 130807 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene armeria (Atocion armeria) 1 Lund Bot Garden 130619 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene armeria (Atocion armeria) 13 Ulos akis near Ula, Lithuania 100714 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene armeria (Atocion armeria) 14 Ulos akis near Ula, Lithuania 100714 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene armeria (Atocion armeria) 7 near Mt Varnous, N Greece 180630 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene armeria (Atocion armeria) 8 near Mt Varnous, N Greece 180630 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene armeria (Atocion armeria) 9 near Mt Varnous, N Greece 180630 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene asclepiadea 1 Yunnan 1107 ( (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene atropurpurea (Viscaria atropurpurea) 1 Mt Varnous, N Greece 180630 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene atropurpurea (Viscaria atropurpurea) 2 Mt Varnous, N Greece 180630 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene atropurpurea (Viscaria atropurpurea) 3 Mt Varnous, N Greece 180630 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene atropurpurea (Viscaria atropurpurea) 5 Mt Varnous, N Greece 180630 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene baccifera 13 Lund Bot Garden 130826 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene bourgeaui 1 Las Toscas, La Gomera 060421 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene bourgeaui 2 La Palmita Bot Garden, La Gomera 060422 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene bupleuroides 1 Lund Bot Garden 160704 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene burchellii ssp pilosellifolia 1 Fernkloof, Hermanus, Wester Cape, South Africa 160927 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene burchellii ssp pilosellifolia 2 Fernkloof, Hermanus, Wester Cape, South Africa 160927 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene burchellii ssp pilosellifolia 3 Fernkloof, Hermanus, Wester Cape, South Africa 160927 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene burchellii ssp pilosellifolia 4 Fernkloof, Hermanus, Wester Cape, South Africa 160927 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene burchellii ssp pilosellifolia 5 Fernkloof, Hermanus, Wester Cape, South Africa 160927 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene burchellii ssp pilosellifolia 6 Fernkloof, Hermanus, Wester Cape, South Africa 160927 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene burchellii ssp pilosellifolia 8 Fernkloof, Hermanus, Wester Cape, South Africa 160927 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene cambessedesii 1 Jardín Botanico, Soller Jardin, Mallorca 110419 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene cambessedesii 2 Jardín Botanico, Soller Jardin, Mallorca 110419 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene cambessedesii 3 Jardín Botanico, Soller Jardin, Mallorca 110419 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene cf fimbriata 1 Copenhagen Bot Garden 130625 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene cf himalayensis 1 Baimashan, Yunnan 110710 (Lennart Nelsson) - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene cf inaperta Copenhagen Bot Garden 150812 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene cf involucrata 1 Kangerlussuaq, Greenland 140628 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene cf involucrata 10 Tacan, Kangerlussuaq, Greenland 140629 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene cf involucrata 11 Tacan, Kangerlussuaq, Greenland 140629 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene cf involucrata 2 Kangerlussuaq, Greenland 140628 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene cf involucrata 3 Store Saltsö, Kangerlussuaq, Greenland 140701 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene cf involucrata 4 Store Saltsö, Kangerlussuaq, Greenland 140701 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene cf involucrata 5 Store Saltsö, Kangerlussuaq, Greenland 140701 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene cf pindicola 1 Lund Bot Garden 130627 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene cf pindicola 2 Lund Bot Garden 130627 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene cf pindicola 3 Lund Bot Garden 130627 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene cf sorensenis 1 Tacan, Kangerlussuaq, Greenland 140629 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene cf sorensenis 3 Kangerlussuaq, Greenland 140628 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene cf sorensenis 4 Kangerlussuaq, Greenland 140628 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene cf sorensenis 5 Kangerlussuaq, Greenland 140628 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene cf sorensenis 6 Kangerlussuaq, Greenland 140628 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene cf sorensenis 7 Kangerlussuaq, Greenland 140628 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene chalcedonica 1 Copenhagen Bot Garden 130625 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene chlorantha 1 Kehgarags in Riga, Latvia 060711 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene chlorantha 2 Kehgarags in Riga, Latvia 060711 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene chlorantha 3 Kehgarags in Riga, Latvia 060711 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene chlorantha 4 Kehgarags in Riga, Latvia 060711 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene chlorantha 5 Kehgarags in Riga, Latvia 060711 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene chodatii 1 Yunnan 1107 (Lennart Nelsson) - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene chodatii 2 Yunnan 1107 (Lennart Nelsson) - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene coeli-rosa (Eudianthe coeli-rosa) 1 (cult) Lund Sk 140719 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene coeli-rosa (Eudianthe coeli-rosa) 2 (cult) Lund Sk 140719 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene colorata 3 Hoces del Rio Duratón near Sepúlveda SP 140505 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene colorata 5 Hoces del Rio Duratón near Sepúlveda SP 140504 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene colorata 6 Ojén, Andalusia SP 120326 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene conica 1 Hammars backar Sk 120526 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene conica 2 Hammars backar Sk 120526 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene conica 3 Hammars backar Sk 120526 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene conica 4 Hammars backar Sk 120526 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene conica 5 Hammars backar Sk 120526 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene conica 8 Hammars backar Sk 120526 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene coronaria 1 Höllviken Sk 140622 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene coronaria 2 Höllviken Sk 140622 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene coronaria 3 Höllviken Sk 140622 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene coronaria 4 Höllviken Sk 140622 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene coronaria 5 Lund Sk 130627 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene crassifolia ssp crassifolia 1 Fish Hoek, Cape Peninsula, Western Cape, South Africa 100930 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene crassifolia ssp crassifolia 2 Fish Hoek, Cape Peninsula, Western Cape, South Africa 100930 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene crassifolia ssp crassifolia 3 Fish Hoek, Cape Peninsula, Western Cape, South Africa 100930 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene crassifolia ssp crassifolia 4 Fish Hoek, Cape Peninsula, Western Cape, South Africa 100930 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene cretica Katharo W of Kritsa, Crete 800507 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene dewinteri (Silene aethiopica ssp aethiopica) 1 Lladudno Beach, Cape Peninsula, Western Cape, South Africa 100930 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene dewinteri (Silene aethiopica ssp aethiopica) 2 Lladudno Beach, Cape Peninsula, Western Cape, South Africa 100930 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene dewinteri (Silene aethiopica ssp aethiopica) 3 Lladudno Beach, Cape Peninsula, Western Cape, South Africa 100930 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene dichotoma 1 Copenhagen Bot Garden 120926 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene dichotoma 2 Copenhagen Bot Garden 120926 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene dichotoma 3 Copenhagen Bot Garden 121017 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene dichotoma 4 Copenhagen Bot Garden 120926 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene dichotoma 5 Copenhagen Bot Garden 121017 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene dichotoma 6 SE of Megali Limni, Lesvos, Greece 100515 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene dichotoma 8 Copenhagen Bot Garden 121017 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene dioica 4 W of Osbyholm, Hörby Sk 140501 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene dioica 5 W of Osbyholm, Hörby Sk 140501 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene dioica 6 Fågelsång, Södra Sandby Sk 130607 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene dioica x latifolia 1 Skogastorp, Högstena, Västergötland 870704 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene dioica x latifolia 2 Skogastorp, Högstena, Västergötland 870704 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene echinata 1 Copenhagen Bot Garden 130807 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene echinata 2 Copenhagen Bot Garden 130807 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene echinata 4 Copenhagen Bot Garden 130807 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene echinata 6 Copenhagen Bot Garden 150812 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene echinata 7 Copenhagen Bot Garden 150812 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene fabaria 1 NW of Mandamados, Lesvos, Greece 100514 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene fabaria 2 NW of Mandamados, Lesvos, Greece 100514 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene fabaria 4 Skala Sikaminnias, Lesvos, Greece 130509 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene fabaria 6 NW of Mandamados, Lesvos, Greece 100514 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene fabarioides 3 above Metsovon, Greece 180627 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene fabarioides 4 above Metsovon, Greece 180627 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene flos-cuculi 1 E of Lund Sk 130607 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene flos-cuculi 2 E of Lund Sk 130607 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene flos-cuculi 3 E of Lund Sk 130607 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene flos-cuculi 4 E of Lund Sk 130607 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene flos-cuculi 6 Tyresö, Södermanland 020801 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene flos-jovis 1 Lund Bot Garden 130610 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene flos-jovis 3 Lund Bot Garden 160530 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene frivaldszkyana 1 near Lake Mikri Prespa, N Greece 180628 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene frivaldszkyana 12 Copenhagen Bot Garden 150812 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene frivaldszkyana 13 Copenhagen Bot Garden 150812 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene frivaldszkyana 15 Copenhagen Bot Garden 150812 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene frivaldszkyana 2 near Lake Mikri Prespa, N Greece 180628 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene frivaldszkyana 3 near Lake Mikri Prespa, N Greece 180628 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene frivaldszkyana 6 near Lake Mikri Prespa, N Greece 180628 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene frivaldszkyana 7 near Lake Mikri Prespa, N Greece 180629 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene frivaldszkyana 8 near Lake Mikri Prespa, N Greece 180629 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene frivaldszkyana 9 near Lake Mikri Prespa, N Greece 180629 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene fuscata 1 Copenhagen Bot Garden 150812 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene gallica 1 Copenhagen Bot Garden 150812 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene gallica 1 near Trujillo SP 140509 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene gallica 2 near Trujillo SP 140509 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene gallica var giraldii 1 Copenhagen Bot Garden 130821 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene gallica var giraldii 2 Copenhagen Bot Garden 130821 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene gallica var giraldii 3 Copenhagen Bot Garden 130821 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene gigantea 1 Karlovassi, Samos, Greece 920509 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene glaucifolia ssp glaucifolia (Petrocoptis glaucifolia ssp glaucifolia) 1 San Juan de la Peña, Belchite area, NE Spain 180523 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene glaucifolia ssp glaucifolia (Petrocoptis glaucifolia ssp glaucifolia) 2 San Juan de la Peña, Belchite area, NE Spain 180523 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene glaucifolia ssp glaucifolia (Petrocoptis glaucifolia ssp glaucifolia) 4 San Juan de la Peña, Belchite area, NE Spain 180523 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene gracilicaulis Yunnan 1107 ( (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene heuffelii 1 northwestern Romania 090616 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene himalayensis 1 Shika, Yunnan 110712 ( (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene himalayensis 2 Shika, Yunnan 110712 ( (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene inaperta 1 Copenhagen Bot Garden 130807 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene inaperta 2 Copenhagen Bot Garden 130807 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene italica ssp italica 1 Ipsilou, Lesvos, Greece 130507 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene laciniata 1 Lund Bot Garden 070727 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene laciniata 2 Göteborg Bot Garden 120627 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene lanceolata 2 Olinda Endangered Plant Facility, East Maui, Hawaii 130718 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene latifolia 1 E of Lund Sk 130614 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene linicola 1 Copenhagen Bot Garden 130807 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene multifida 1 Göteborg Bot Garden 120628 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene multifida 2 Göteborg Bot Garden 120628 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene multifida 3 Göteborg Bot Garden 120628 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene mundiana 3 De Hoop, Western Cape, South Africa 100921 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene mundiana 4 De Hoop, Western Cape, South Africa 100921 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene nigrescens 2 Baimashan, Yunnan 110710 ( - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene noctiflora 1 Höllviken Sk 130622 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene noctiflora 6 Lund Sk 130627 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene nutans 5 Lilla Karlsö, Gotland 910727 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene otites 2 Papes Nature Park, Latvia 100715 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene otites 3 Papes Nature Park, Latvia 100715 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene otites 4 Papes Nature Park, Latvia 100715 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene parnassica 1 Copenhagen Bot Garden 130625 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene pendula 1 Copenhagen Bot Garden 130821 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene pendula 4 Göteborg Bot Garden 120628 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene pinetorum 1 Impros, Crete 800515 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene pinetorum 2 Impros, Crete 800515 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene pogonocalyx 2 Los Tilos from Casa del Monte, La Palma 090509 ( - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene portensis 1 Copenhagen Bot Garden 130821 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene portensis 4 Copenhagen Bot Garden 150812 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene pseudatocion 1 Copenhagen Bot Garden 130821 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene roemeri ssp macrocarpa 1 Mt Varnous, N Greece 180630 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene roemeri ssp macrocarpa 3 Mt Varnous, N Greece 180630 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene rupestris (Atocion rupestre) 1 Bad Gastein 080630 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene rupestris (Atocion rupestre) 6 Skärhamn, Bohuslän 120701 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene saxatilis 3 Copenhagen Bot Garden 080513 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene saxatilis 4 Copenhagen Bot Garden 080513 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene saxifraga 1 Copenhagen Bot Garden 130611 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene schafta 5 Copenhagen Bot Garden 160713 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene schwarzenbergeri 3 near Milea, old road to Grevena, N Greece 180628 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene schwarzenbergeri 5 near Milea, old road to Grevena, N Greece 180628 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene secundiflora 2 Copenhagen Bot Garden 130821 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene secundiflora 3 Copenhagen Bot Garden 130821 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene secundiflora 5 Copenhagen Bot Garden 150812 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene secundiflora 6 Copenhagen Bot Garden 150812 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene sedoides N of Arkasa, Karpathos, Greece 040518 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene stricta 1 Malmö Sk 170619 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene stricta 10 Malmö Sk 170619 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene stricta 11 Malmö Sk 170619 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene stricta 12 Malmö Sk 170619 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene stricta 13 Malmö Sk 170619 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene stricta 2 Malmö Sk 170619 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene stricta 3 Malmö Sk 170619 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene stricta 4 Malmö Sk 170619 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene stricta 5 Malmö Sk 170619 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene stricta 6 Malmö Sk 170619 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene stricta 7 Malmö Sk 170619 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene stricta 8 Malmö Sk 170619 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene stricta 9 Malmö Sk 170619 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).


Silene struthioloides 5 Haleakala, Maui, Hawaii 130716 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene struthioloides 8 Haleakala, Maui, Hawaii 130716 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene subconica 1 S of Pefkochori, Greece 050529 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene subintegra 6 above Metsovon, Greece 180627 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene suecica (Viscaria alpina) 1 Lullihatjårro, Torne Lappmark 110728 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene suecica (Viscaria alpina) 2 Lullihatjårro, Torne Lappmark 110728 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene suecica (Viscaria alpina) 4 S of Sibbaboda, Torhamn, Blekinge 160601 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene suecica (Viscaria alpina) 5 S of Sibbaboda, Torhamn, Blekinge 160601 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene suecica (Viscaria alpina) 6 S of Sibbaboda, Torhamn, Blekinge 160601 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene suecica (Viscaria alpina) 7 S of Sibbaboda, Torhamn, Blekinge 160601 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene suecica (Viscaria alpina) ssp americana 10 Mt Hassel, Kangerlussuaq, Greenland 140630 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene suecica (Viscaria alpina) ssp americana 11 Mt Hassel, Kangerlussuaq, Greenland 140630 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene suecica (Viscaria alpina) ssp americana 8 Mt Hassel, Kangerlussuaq, Greenland 140630 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene suecica (Viscaria alpina) ssp americana 9 Mt Hassel, Kangerlussuaq, Greenland 140630 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene suecica (Viscaria alpina) var oelandica 10 Eketorp, Gräsgård, Öland 150604 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene suecica (Viscaria alpina) var oelandica 11 Eketorp, Gräsgård, Öland 150604 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene suecica (Viscaria alpina) var oelandica 12 Eketorp, Gräsgård, Öland 150604 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene suecica (Viscaria alpina) var oelandica 2 (cult) Brunnby Sk 110521 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene suecica (Viscaria alpina) var oelandica 3 (cult) Brunnby Sk 110521 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene suecica (Viscaria alpina) var oelandica 8 Eketorp, Gräsgård, Öland 150604 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene suecica (Viscaria alpina) var oelandica 9 Eketorp, Gräsgård, Öland 150604 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene suecica (Viscaria alpina) var serpentinicola Bellopuodats, the western shore of Lake Virihaure, Lule Lappmark 870716 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene tatarica 1 Lappvik FI 120803 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene tatarica 2 Lappvik FI 120803 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene tatarica 3 Lappvik FI 120803 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene tatarica 6 NE of Dünaburg, Latvia 100712 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene tatarica 7 NE of Dünaburg, Latvia 100712 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene tatarica 8 NE of Dünaburg, Latvia 100712 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene tatarica 9 NE of Dünaburg, Latvia 100712 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene undulata ssp undulata 1 near Cape Point, Cape Peninsula, Western Cape, South Africa 100930 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene uniflora ssp petraea 2 Stigmyr, Hangvar, Gotland 140829 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene uniflora ssp petraea 3 Stigmyr, Hangvar, Gotland 140829 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene uniflora ssp petraea 4 Stigmyr, Hangvar, Gotland 140829 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene uniflora ssp petraea 7 Stigmyr, Hangvar, Gotland 140829 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene urvillei 1 Lesvos, Greece 100511 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene urvillei 2 Lesvos, Greece 100511 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene urvillei 3 Lesvos, Greece 100511 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene vallesia 5 Les Freaux near La Meije FR 150706 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene vallesia 6 Les Freaux near La Meije FR 150706 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene vallesia 7 Les Freaux near La Meije FR 150706 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene vallesia 8 Les Freaux near La Meije FR 150706 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene vallesia 9 Les Freaux near La Meije FR 150706 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene viridiflora 1 San Juan de la Peña, Belchite area, NE Spain 180523 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene viridiflora 4 near Linza, N Spain 180525 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene viridiflora 5 near Mt Varnous, N Greece 180630 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene viscaria (Viscaria vulgaris) 1 E of Lund Sk 130607 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene viscaria (Viscaria vulgaris) 2 E of Lund Sk 130607 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene viscaria (Viscaria vulgaris) 3 Lund Sk 130603 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene viscaria (Viscaria vulgaris) 4 Lund Sk 130603 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene viscaria (Viscaria vulgaris) 7 Lund Sk 130603 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene viscosa 1 Norra Gattet, Fårö, Gotland 070803 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene viscosa 2 Norra Gattet, Fårö, Gotland 070803 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene viscosa 5 Fyns Hoved, Fyn DA 120901 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene viscosa 6 Gö, Blekinge 120707 ( - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene vulgaris ssp vulgaris 1 E of Lund Sk 130614 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene vulgaris ssp vulgaris 2 E of Lund Sk 130614 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene vulgaris ssp vulgaris 4 Lund Sk 120702 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene vulgaris var litoralis 1 Kallviksudden (Kallavi) FI 120728 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene vulgaris var litoralis 2 Kallviksudden (Kallavi) FI 120728 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene wahlbergella 1 Unna Titer, Lule Lappmark 870717 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene yunnanensis Yunnan 1107 ( (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene zawadzkii 1 Lund Bot Garden 130612 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene zawadzkii 11 Lund Bot Garden 130523 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene zawadzkii 2 Lund Bot Garden 130612 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene zawadzkii 6 Lund Bot Garden 120907 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene zawadzkii 8 Copenhagen Bot Garden 130604 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).