Silene L. (Caryophyllaceae)

Silene 1b Lund Bot Garden 130619 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene 5a De Hoop, Western Cape, South Africa 100921 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene 5b De Hoop, Western Cape, South Africa 100921 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene 6a Gavdhos, Crete 800509 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene 6b Gavdhos, Crete 800509 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene 7b Copenhagen Bot Garden 150812 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene 7c (cult) Lund Sk 140719 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene 7d (cult) Lund Sk 140719 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene 7e (cult) Lund Sk 140719 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene 7f (cult) Lund Sk 140719 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene 7g (cult) Lund Sk 140719 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene 8 Copenhagen Bot Garden 150812 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene 8b Hoces del Rio Duratón near Sepúlveda SP 140505 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene acaulis 1 Stubnerkogel, Austria 080702 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene acaulis 2 Kopparåsen, Torne Lappmark 110727 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene acaulis 3 Kopparåsen, Torne Lappmark 110727 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene acaulis 4 Ansätten, Jämtland 090704 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene acaulis 5 Stubnerkogel, Austria 080702 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene acaulis 6 N of Russel Glacier, E of Kangerlussuaq, Greenland 140702 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene acaulis 7 N of Russel Glacier, E of Kangerlussuaq, Greenland 140702 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene acaulis 8 N of Russel Glacier, E of Kangerlussuaq, Greenland 140702 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene alpestris 1 Göteborg Bot Garden 120628 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene alpestris 3 Copenhagen Bot Garden 150626 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene alpestris 4 Copenhagen Bot Garden 150626 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene alpina 10 S of Sibbaboda, Torhamn, Blekinge 160601 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene alpina 3 Lullihatjårro, Torne Lappmark 110728 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene alpina 8 S of Sibbaboda, Torhamn, Blekinge 160601 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene alpina 9 S of Sibbaboda, Torhamn, Blekinge 160601 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene alpina ssp americana 1 Mt Hassel, Kangerlussuaq, Greenland 140630 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene alpina ssp americana 2 Mt Hassel, Kangerlussuaq, Greenland 140630 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene alpina ssp americana 3 Mt Hassel, Kangerlussuaq, Greenland 140630 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene alpina ssp americana 4 Mt Hassel, Kangerlussuaq, Greenland 140630 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene alpina ssp americana 5 Mt Hassel, Kangerlussuaq, Greenland 140630 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene alpina ssp americana 6 Mt Hassel, Kangerlussuaq, Greenland 140630 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene alpina var oelandica 1 (cult) Brunnby Sk 110521 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene alpina var oelandica 13 Eketorp, Gräsgård, Öland 150604 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene alpina var oelandica 14 Eketorp, Gräsgård, Öland 150604 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene alpina var oelandica 15 Eketorp, Gräsgård, Öland 150604 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene alpina var oelandica 16 Eketorp, Gräsgård, Öland 150604 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene alpina var oelandica 4 Kvinnsgröta, Gräsgård, Öland 150606 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene alpina var oelandica 5 Kvinnsgröta, Gräsgård, Öland 150606 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene alpina var oelandica 6 Eketorp, Gräsgård, Öland 150604 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene alpina var oelandica 7 Eketorp, Gräsgård, Öland 150604 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene altaica 3 Lund Bot Garden 130612 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene altaica 4 Lund Bot Garden 130612 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene armeria 2 Copenhagen Bot Garden 130807 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene armeria 3 Copenhagen Bot Garden 130807 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene armeria 4 Copenhagen Bot Garden 130807 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene armeria 5 Copenhagen Bot Garden 150812 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene armeria 6 Copenhagen Bot Garden 150812 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene armeria ssp lithuanica 3 Ulos akis near Ula, Lithuania 100714 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene asclepiadea 2 Yunnan 1107 Photo: Unknown (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene baccifera 1 Aizkraukle, Latvia 060710 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene baccifera 10 Lund Bot Garden 130826 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene baccifera 11 Copenhagen Bot Garden 140719 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene baccifera 12 Copenhagen Bot Garden 140719 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene baccifera 13 Copenhagen Bot Garden 140719 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene baccifera 14 Copenhagen Bot Garden 140719 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene baccifera 15 Copenhagen Bot Garden 140719 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene baccifera 16 Copenhagen Bot Garden 140719 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene baccifera 2 Aizkraukle, Latvia 060710 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene baccifera 3 between Slutiski and Verveli at Daugava, Latvia 100711 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene baccifera 4 between Slutiski and Verveli at Daugava, Latvia 100711 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene baccifera 5 Lund Bot Garden 130826 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene baccifera 6 Lund Bot Garden 130826 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene baccifera 8 Bergianska 060830 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene baccifera 9 Bergianska 060830 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene behen 1 Copenhagen Bot Garden 130807 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene behen 2 Copenhagen Bot Garden 130807 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene behen 3 Spili, Crete 110329 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene behen 4 Copenhagen Bot Garden 130807 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene bellidioides 1 Copenhagen Bot Garden 080710 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene bellidioides 2 Copenhagen Bot Garden 080710 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene bellidioides 3 Copenhagen Bot Garden 080710 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene bupleuroides 2 Lund Bot Garden 160704 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene bupleuroides 3 Lund Bot Garden 160704 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene bupleuroides 4 Lund Bot Garden 160704 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene burchellii 7 Fernkloof, Hermanus, Wester Cape, South Africa 160927 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene burchellii 9 Fernkloof, Hermanus, Wester Cape, South Africa 160927 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene caroliniana 1 Göteborg Bot Garden 120628 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene cf congesta NW of Dadia, Thracia, Greece 060606 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene cf conica alt subconica 2 S of Pefkochori, Greece 050529 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene cf italica 2 Ipsilou, Lesvos, Greece 130507 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene cf italica 3 Ipsilou, Lesvos, Greece 130507 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene cf saxifraga 4 Lund Bot Garden 130627 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene cf triflora 10 Tacan, Kangerlussuaq, Greenland 140629 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene cf triflora 16 Store Saltsö, Kangerlussuaq, Greenland 140701 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene cf triflora 17 Store Saltsö, Kangerlussuaq, Greenland 140701 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene cf triflora 8 Tacan, Kangerlussuaq, Greenland 140629 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene cf triflora 9 Tacan, Kangerlussuaq, Greenland 140629 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene cf undulata 2 Baboons Point, Cape Peninsula, Western Cape, South Africa 100930 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene chalcedonica 2 Copenhagen Bot Garden 130625 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene chalcedonica 3 Toftagården, Tofta, Gotland 070805 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene chlorantha 6 Kehgarags in Riga, Latvia 060711 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene chlorantha 7 Kehgarags in Riga, Latvia 060711 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene chlorantha 8 Kehgarags in Riga, Latvia 060711 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene chungtienensis 10 Copenhagen Bot Garden 140515 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene chungtienensis 3 Copenhagen Bot Garden 140515 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene chungtienensis 4 Copenhagen Bot Garden 140515 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene chungtienensis 5 Copenhagen Bot Garden 140515 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene chungtienensis 7 Copenhagen Bot Garden 140515 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene chungtienensis 9 Copenhagen Bot Garden 140515 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene colorata 1 Pereli, Crete 110327 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene colorata 2 Pereli, Crete 110327 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene conica 6 Hammars backar Sk 120526 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene conica 7 Hammars backar Sk 120526 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene conoidea Copenhagen Bot Garden 130807 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene coronaria 2 Lund Bot Garden 070720 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene coronaria 3 Lund Bot Garden 070720 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene coronaria 4 Lund Sk 130627 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene dichotoma 7 SE of Megali Limni, Lesvos, Greece 100515 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene dinarica 2 Lund Bot Garden 130523 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene dinarica 3 Lund Bot Garden 130523 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene dinarica 4 Lund Bot Garden 130523 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene dioica 2 Fågelsång, Södra Sandby Sk 130607 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene dioica 3 Verkasjön, Andrarum, Sk 120610 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene dioica 4 Verkasjön, Andrarum, Sk 120610 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene dioica 5 Verkasjön, Andrarum, Sk 120610 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene dioica 6 W of Osbyholm, Hörby Sk 140501 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene dioica 7 W of Osbyholm, Hörby Sk 140501 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene dioica 8 W of Osbyholm, Hörby Sk 140501 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene echinata 3 Copenhagen Bot Garden 130807 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene echinata 5 Copenhagen Bot Garden 150812 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene echinata 8 Copenhagen Bot Garden 150812 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene echinata 9 Copenhagen Bot Garden 150812 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene fabaria 3 NW of Mandamados, Lesvos, Greece 100514 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene fabaria 5 NW of Mandamados, Lesvos, Greece 100514 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene flos-cuculi 5 E of Lund Sk 130607 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene flos-jovis 2 Lund Bot Garden 130610 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene flos-jovis 4 Lund Bot Garden 160530 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene flos-jovis 5 Lund Bot Garden 160530 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene frivaldszkyana 3 Copenhagen Bot Garden 150812 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene fuscata 2 Copenhagen Bot Garden 150812 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene gallica 5 near Trujillo SP 140509 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene gallica 6 near Trujillo SP 140509 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene gigantea 2 N of Gerakini, Greece 050525 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene gigantea 3 N of Gerakini, Greece 050525 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene gigantea 4 N of Gerakini, Greece 050525 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene heuffelii 2 northwestern Romania 090616 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene heuffelii 3 northwestern Romania 090616 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene involucrata ssp involucrata Longyearbyen, Svalbard 790703 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene italica Holomondas, Greece 050528 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene laciniata 3 Lund Bot Garden 070727 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene laciniata 4 Göteborg Bot Garden 120627 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene lanceolata 1 Olinda Endangered Plant Facility, East Maui, Hawaii 130718 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene lanceolata 3 Olinda Endangered Plant Facility, East Maui, Hawaii 130718 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene lanceolata 4 Olinda Endangered Plant Facility, East Maui, Hawaii 130718 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene lanceolata 5 Olinda Endangered Plant Facility, East Maui, Hawaii 130718 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene lanceolata 6 Olinda Endangered Plant Facility, East Maui, Hawaii 130718 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene lanceolata 7 Olinda Endangered Plant Facility, East Maui, Hawaii 130718 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene latifolia 2 E of Lund Sk 130614 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene latifolia 3 E of Lund Sk 130614 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene latifolia 4 Garda de Sus, Romania 090615 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene latifolia 5 E of Lund Sk 130614 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene linicola 2 Copenhagen Bot Garden 130913 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene linicola 3 Copenhagen Bot Garden 130913 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene marizii 1 Göteborg Bot Garden 120628 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene marizii 2 Göteborg Bot Garden 120628 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene mollissima 1 Copenhagen Bot Garden 130625 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene mollissima 2 Copenhagen Bot Garden 130625 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene multifida 4 Göteborg Bot Garden 120628 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene multifida 5 Göteborg Bot Garden 120628 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene muscipula 1 Copenhagen Bot Garden 140719 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene muscipula 2 Copenhagen Bot Garden 140719 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene muscipula 3 Copenhagen Bot Garden 140719 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene muscipula 4 Copenhagen Bot Garden 140719 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene muscipula 5 Copenhagen Bot Garden 140719 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene muscipula 6 Copenhagen Bot Garden 140719 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene muscipula 7 Copenhagen Bot Garden 140719 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene nigrescens 1 Baimashan, Yunnan 110710 (Magnus Thorell) - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene noctiflora 2 Höllviken Sk 130622 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene noctiflora 3 Höllviken Sk 130622 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene noctiflora 4 Höllviken Sk 130622 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene noctiflora 5 Höllviken Sk 130622 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene nutans 1 Stammershalle, Bornholm DK 120602 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene nutans 2 Stammershalle, Bornholm DK 120602 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene nutans 3 Stammershalle, Bornholm DK 120602 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene nutans 4 Stammershalle, Bornholm DK 120602 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene otites 1 Papes Nature Park, Latvia 100715 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene otites 5 southern Fanö, Jylland DK 080808 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene parnassica 2 Copenhagen Bot Garden 130625 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene pendula 2 Copenhagen Bot Garden 130821 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene pogonocalyx 1 Los Tilos from Casa del Monte, La Palma 090509 (Richard Åkesson) - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene pogonocalyx 3 Los Tilos from Casa del Monte, La Palma 090509 (Richard Åkesson) - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene portensis 2 Copenhagen Bot Garden 130821 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene portensis 3 Copenhagen Bot Garden 130821 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene portensis 5 Copenhagen Bot Garden 150812 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene pseudatocion 2 Copenhagen Bot Garden 130821 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene pseudatocion 3 Copenhagen Bot Garden 130821 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene pseudatocion 5 Copenhagen Bot Garden 130821 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene pusilla 3 Lund Bot Garden 130610 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene quadrifida 1 Lund Bot Garden 130610 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene quadrifida 3 Lund Bot Garden 130610 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene radians 2 Copenhagen Bot Garden 130625 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene radians 3 Copenhagen Bot Garden 130625 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene rupestris 2 Bad Gastein, Austria 080630 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene rupestris 3 Bad Gastein, Austria 080630 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene rupestris 4 Skärhamn, Bohuslän 120701 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene rupestris 5 Skärhamn, Bohuslän 120701 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene rupestris 7 Skärhamn, Bohuslän 120701 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).


Silene saxatilis 1 Copenhagen Bot Garden 080513 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene saxatilis 2 Copenhagen Bot Garden 080513 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene saxifraga 2 Copenhagen Bot Garden 130611 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene saxifraga 3 Copenhagen Bot Garden 130611 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene schafta 1 Copenhagen Bot Garden 080710 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene schafta 2 Lund Bot Garden 120907 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene schafta 3 Lund Bot Garden 120907 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene schafta 4 Lund Bot Garden 120907 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene schafta 6 Copenhagen Bot Garden 160713 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene schafta 7 Copenhagen Bot Garden 160713 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene sect Physolychnis 2 Baimashan, Yunnan 110710 (Lennart Nelsson) - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene secundiflora 1 Copenhagen Bot Garden 130821 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene secundiflora 4 Copenhagen Bot Garden 130821 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene secundiflora 7 Copenhagen Bot Garden 150812 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene struthioloides 1 Haleakala, East Maui, Hawaii 130719 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene struthioloides 2 Haleakala, East Maui, Hawaii 130719 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene struthioloides 3 Haleakala, East Maui, Hawaii 130719 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene struthioloides 4 Haleakala, Maui, Hawaii 130716 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene struthioloides 6 Haleakala, Maui, Hawaii 130716 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene struthioloides 7 Haleakala, Maui, Hawaii 130716 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene struthioloides 9 Haleakala, Maui, Hawaii 130716 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene tatarica 10 Lappvik FI 120803 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene tatarica 8 Merkine, Lithuania 100714 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene tatarica 9 Lappvik FI 120803 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene uniflora ssp petraea 4 Stigmyr, Hangvar, Gotland 140829 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene uniflora ssp petraea 5 Stigmyr, Hangvar, Gotland 140829 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene uniflora ssp petraea Norra Gattet, Fårö, Gotland 980725 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene uniflora ssp uniflora 1 Sydkoster, Bohuslän 900630 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene uniflora ssp uniflora 2 Sydkoster, Bohuslän 900630 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene uniflora ssp uniflora 3 Copenhagen Bot Garden 130913 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene uniflora ssp uniflora 4 Copenhagen Bot Garden 130913 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene uniflora ssp uniflora 5 Copenhagen Bot Garden 130913 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene uralensis ssp uralensis Bolterdalen, Svalbard 790725 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene urvillei 4 Lesvos, Greece 100511 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene urvillei 5 Lesvos, Greece 100511 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene vallesia 1 Copenhagen Bot Garden 130611 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene vallesia 2 Copenhagen Bot Garden 130611 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene vallesia 3 Copenhagen Bot Garden 130611 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene vallesia 4 Copenhagen Bot Garden 130611 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene viscaria 10 Lund Sk 130603 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene viscaria 5 Stenshuvud, Södra Mellby Sk 120609 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene viscaria 6 Stenshuvud, Södra Mellby Sk 120609 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene viscaria 8 Lund Sk 130603 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene viscaria 9 Lund Sk 130603 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene viscosa 3 Norra Gattet, Fårö, Gotland 070803 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene viscosa 4 Norra Gattet, Fårö, Gotland 070803 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene vulgaris ssp vulgaris 3 Lund Sk 120702 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene vulgaris ssp vulgaris 5 Toftagården, Tofta, Gotland 070802 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene vulgaris var litoralis 3 Kallviksudden (Kallavi) FI 120728 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene zawadzkii 2 Lund Bot Garden 120907 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene zawadzkii 3 Lund Bot Garden 120907 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene zawadzkii 5 Copenhagen Bot Garden 130604 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene zawadzkii 6 Copenhagen Bot Garden 130604 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).


Silene 1a Lund Bot Garden 130619 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene 2 Ojén, Andalusia SP 120326 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene 3a Fish Hoek, Cape Peninsula, Western Cape, South Africa 100930 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene 3b Fish Hoek, Cape Peninsula, Western Cape, South Africa 100930 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene 3c Fish Hoek, Cape Peninsula, Western Cape, South Africa 100930 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene 3d Fish Hoek, Cape Peninsula, Western Cape, South Africa 100930 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene 4a Lladudno Beach, Cape Peninsula, Western Cape, South Africa 100930 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene 4b Lladudno Beach, Cape Peninsula, Western Cape, South Africa 100930 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene 4c Lladudno Beach, Cape Peninsula, Western Cape, South Africa 100930 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene 7a (cult) Lund Sk 140719 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene 7a Copenhagen Bot Garden 150812 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene 7b (cult) Lund Sk 140719 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene 8a Hoces del Rio Duratón near Sepúlveda SP 140505 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene 8c Hoces del Rio Duratón near Sepúlveda SP 140504 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene alpestris 2 Göteborg Bot Garden 120628 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene alpina 1 Lullihatjårro, Torne Lappmark 110728 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene alpina 2 Lullihatjårro, Torne Lappmark 110728 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene alpina 4 S of Sibbaboda, Torhamn, Blekinge 160601 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene alpina 5 S of Sibbaboda, Torhamn, Blekinge 160601 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene alpina 6 S of Sibbaboda, Torhamn, Blekinge 160601 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene alpina 7 S of Sibbaboda, Torhamn, Blekinge 160601 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene alpina ssp americana 10 Mt Hassel, Kangerlussuaq, Greenland 140630 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene alpina ssp americana 11 Mt Hassel, Kangerlussuaq, Greenland 140630 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene alpina ssp americana 8 Mt Hassel, Kangerlussuaq, Greenland 140630 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene alpina ssp americana 9 Mt Hassel, Kangerlussuaq, Greenland 140630 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene alpina var oelandica 10 Eketorp, Gräsgård, Öland 150604 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene alpina var oelandica 11 Eketorp, Gräsgård, Öland 150604 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene alpina var oelandica 12 Eketorp, Gräsgård, Öland 150604 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene alpina var oelandica 2 (cult) Brunnby Sk 110521 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene alpina var oelandica 3 (cult) Brunnby Sk 110521 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene alpina var oelandica 8 Eketorp, Gräsgård, Öland 150604 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene alpina var oelandica 9 Eketorp, Gräsgård, Öland 150604 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene alpina var serpentinicola Bellopuodats, the western shore of Lake Virihaure, Lule Lappmark 870716 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene altaica 1 Lund Bot Garden 130612 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene altaica 2 Lund Bot Garden 130612 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene apetala 1 Copenhagen Bot Garden 150812 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene armeria 1 Copenhagen Bot Garden 130807 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene armeria ssp lithuanica 1 Ulos akis near Ula, Lithuania 100714 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene armeria ssp lithuanica 2 Ulos akis near Ula, Lithuania 100714 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene asclepiadea 1 Yunnan 1107 Photo: Unknown (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene baccifera 7 Lund Bot Garden 130826 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene bourgeaui 1 Las Toscas, La Gomera 060421 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene bourgeaui 2 La Palmita Bot Garden, La Gomera 060422 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene bupleuroides 1 Lund Bot Garden 160704 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene burchellii 1 Fernkloof, Hermanus, Wester Cape, South Africa 160927 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene burchellii 2 Fernkloof, Hermanus, Wester Cape, South Africa 160927 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene burchellii 3 Fernkloof, Hermanus, Wester Cape, South Africa 160927 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene burchellii 4 Fernkloof, Hermanus, Wester Cape, South Africa 160927 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene burchellii 5 Fernkloof, Hermanus, Wester Cape, South Africa 160927 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene burchellii 6 Fernkloof, Hermanus, Wester Cape, South Africa 160927 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene burchellii 8 Fernkloof, Hermanus, Wester Cape, South Africa 160927 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene cambessedesii 1 Jardín Botanico, Soller Jardin, Mallorca 110419 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene cambessedesii 2 Jardín Botanico, Soller Jardin, Mallorca 110419 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene cambessedesii 3 Jardín Botanico, Soller Jardin, Mallorca 110419 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene caroliniana 2 Göteborg Bot Garden 120628 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene cf conica or Silene subconica 1 S of Pefkochori, Greece 050529 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene cf italica 1 Ipsilou, Lesvos, Greece 130507 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene cf pilosellifolia 1 Vanrhynspass, Western Cape, South Africa 100910 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene cf pilosellifolia 2 Vanrhynspass, Western Cape, South Africa 100910 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene cf saxifraga 1 Lund Bot Garden 130627 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene cf saxifraga 2 Lund Bot Garden 130627 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene cf saxifraga 3 Lund Bot Garden 130627 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene cf triflora 1 Kangerlussuaq, Greenland 140628 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene cf triflora 11 Tacan, Kangerlussuaq, Greenland 140629 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene cf triflora 12 Tacan, Kangerlussuaq, Greenland 140629 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene cf triflora 13 Store Saltsö, Kangerlussuaq, Greenland 140701 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene cf triflora 14 Store Saltsö, Kangerlussuaq, Greenland 140701 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene cf triflora 15 Store Saltsö, Kangerlussuaq, Greenland 140701 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene cf triflora 2 Kangerlussuaq, Greenland 140628 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene cf triflora 3 Kangerlussuaq, Greenland 140628 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene cf triflora 4 Kangerlussuaq, Greenland 140628 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene cf triflora 5 Kangerlussuaq, Greenland 140628 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene cf triflora 6 Kangerlussuaq, Greenland 140628 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene cf triflora 7 Tacan, Kangerlussuaq, Greenland 140629 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene cf undulata 1 Baboons Point, Cape Peninsula, Western Cape, South Africa 100930 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene chalcedonica 1 Copenhagen Bot Garden 130625 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene chlorantha 1 Kehgarags in Riga, Latvia 060711 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene chlorantha 2 Kehgarags in Riga, Latvia 060711 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene chlorantha 3 Kehgarags in Riga, Latvia 060711 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene chlorantha 4 Kehgarags in Riga, Latvia 060711 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene chlorantha 5 Kehgarags in Riga, Latvia 060711 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene chodatii 1 Yunnan 1107 (Lennart Nelsson) - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene chodatii 2 Yunnan 1107 (Lennart Nelsson) - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene chungtienensis 1 Copenhagen Bot Garden 140515 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene chungtienensis 11 Copenhagen Bot Garden 140515 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene chungtienensis 2 Copenhagen Bot Garden 140515 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene chungtienensis 6 Copenhagen Bot Garden 140515 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene chungtienensis 8 Copenhagen Bot Garden 140515 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene coeli-rosa 'Ruby Flax' Bergianska, Stockholm 010829 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene coeli-rosa Lilla Nyby, Eskilstuna, Södermanland 030914 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene conica 1 Hammars backar Sk 120526 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene conica 2 Hammars backar Sk 120526 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene conica 3 Hammars backar Sk 120526 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene conica 4 Hammars backar Sk 120526 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene conica 5 Hammars backar Sk 120526 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene conica 8 Hammars backar Sk 120526 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene coronaria 1 Lund Sk 130627 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene coronaria 5 Höllviken Sk 140622 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene coronaria 6 Höllviken Sk 140622 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene coronaria 7 Höllviken Sk 140622 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene coronaria 8 Höllviken Sk 140622 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene cretica Katharo W of Kritsa, Crete 800507 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene dichotoma 1 Copenhagen Bot Garden 120926 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene dichotoma 2 Copenhagen Bot Garden 120926 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene dichotoma 3 Copenhagen Bot Garden 121017 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene dichotoma 4 Copenhagen Bot Garden 120926 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene dichotoma 5 Copenhagen Bot Garden 121017 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene dichotoma 6 SE of Megali Limni, Lesvos, Greece 100515 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene dichotoma 8 Copenhagen Bot Garden 121017 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene dinarica 1 Lund Bot Garden 130523 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene dioica 1 Fågelsång, Södra Sandby Sk 130607 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene dioica 10 W of Osbyholm, Hörby Sk 140501 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene dioica 9 W of Osbyholm, Hörby Sk 140501 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene dioica x latifolia 1 Skogastorp, Högstena, Västergötland 870704 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene dioica x latifolia 2 Skogastorp, Högstena, Västergötland 870704 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene echinata 1 Copenhagen Bot Garden 130807 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene echinata 2 Copenhagen Bot Garden 130807 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene echinata 4 Copenhagen Bot Garden 130807 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene echinata 6 Copenhagen Bot Garden 150812 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene echinata 7 Copenhagen Bot Garden 150812 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene fabaria 1 NW of Mandamados, Lesvos, Greece 100514 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene fabaria 2 NW of Mandamados, Lesvos, Greece 100514 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene fabaria 4 Skala Sikaminnias, Lesvos, Greece 130509 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene fabaria 6 NW of Mandamados, Lesvos, Greece 100514 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene flos-cuculi 1 E of Lund Sk 130607 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene flos-cuculi 2 E of Lund Sk 130607 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene flos-cuculi 3 E of Lund Sk 130607 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene flos-cuculi 4 E of Lund Sk 130607 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene flos-cuculi 6 Tyresö, Södermanland 020801 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene flos-jovis 1 Lund Bot Garden 130610 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene flos-jovis 3 Lund Bot Garden 160530 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene frivaldszkyana 1 Copenhagen Bot Garden 150812 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene frivaldszkyana 2 Copenhagen Bot Garden 150812 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene frivaldszkyana 4 Copenhagen Bot Garden 150812 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene fuscata 1 Copenhagen Bot Garden 150812 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene gallica 1 Munka-Ljungby, Skåne 990710 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene gallica 2 Munka-Ljungby, Skåne 990710 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene gallica 3 near Trujillo SP 140509 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene gallica 4 near Trujillo SP 140509 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene gallica var giraldii 1 Copenhagen Bot Garden 130821 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene gallica var giraldii 2 Copenhagen Bot Garden 130821 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene gallica var giraldii 3 Copenhagen Bot Garden 130821 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene gigantea 1 Karlovassi, Samos, Greece 920509 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene gracilicaulis Yunnan 1107 Photo: Unknown (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene heuffelii 1 northwestern Romania 090616 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene himalayensis 1 Shika, Yunnan 110712 Photo: Unknown (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene himalayensis 2 Shika, Yunnan 110712 Photo: Unknown (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene inaperta 1 Copenhagen Bot Garden 130807 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene inaperta 2 Copenhagen Bot Garden 130807 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene laciniata 1 Lund Bot Garden 070727 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene laciniata 2 Göteborg Bot Garden 120627 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene lanceolata 2 Olinda Endangered Plant Facility, East Maui, Hawaii 130718 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene latifolia 1 E of Lund Sk 130614 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene linicola 1 Copenhagen Bot Garden 130807 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene multifida 1 Göteborg Bot Garden 120628 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene multifida 2 Göteborg Bot Garden 120628 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene multifida 3 Göteborg Bot Garden 120628 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene nigrescens 2 Baimashan, Yunnan 110710 (Magnus Thorell) - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene noctiflora 1 Höllviken Sk 130622 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene noctiflora 6 Lund Sk 130627 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene nutans 5 Lilla Karlsö, Gotland 910727 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene otites 2 Papes Nature Park, Latvia 100715 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene otites 3 Papes Nature Park, Latvia 100715 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene otites 4 Papes Nature Park, Latvia 100715 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene parnassica 1 Copenhagen Bot Garden 130625 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene pendula 1 Copenhagen Bot Garden 130821 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene pinetorum 1 Impros, Crete 800515 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene pinetorum 2 Impros, Crete 800515 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene pogonocalyx 2 Los Tilos from Casa del Monte, La Palma 090509 (Richard Åkesson) - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene portensis 1 Copenhagen Bot Garden 130821 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene portensis 4 Copenhagen Bot Garden 150812 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene pseudatocion 1 Copenhagen Bot Garden 130821 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene pusilla 1 Lund Bot Garden 130610 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene pusilla 2 Lund Bot Garden 130610 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene quadrifida 2 Lund Bot Garden 130610 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene radians 1 Copenhagen Bot Garden 130625 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene rupestris 1 Bad Gastein 080630 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene rupestris 6 Skärhamn, Bohuslän 120701 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene saxatilis 3 Copenhagen Bot Garden 080513 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene saxatilis 4 Copenhagen Bot Garden 080513 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene saxifraga 1 Copenhagen Bot Garden 130611 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene schafta 5 Copenhagen Bot Garden 160713 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene sect Physolychnis 1 Baimashan, Yunnan 110710 (Lennart Nelsson) - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene secundiflora 2 Copenhagen Bot Garden 130821 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene secundiflora 3 Copenhagen Bot Garden 130821 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene secundiflora 5 Copenhagen Bot Garden 150812 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene secundiflora 6 Copenhagen Bot Garden 150812 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene sedoides N of Arkasa, Karpathos, Greece 040518 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene struthioloides 5 Haleakala, Maui, Hawaii 130716 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene struthioloides 8 Haleakala, Maui, Hawaii 130716 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene tatarica 1 Lappvik FI 120803 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene tatarica 2 NE of Dünaburg, Latvia 100712 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene tatarica 3 Lappvik FI 120803 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene tatarica 4 NE of Dünaburg, Latvia 100712 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene tatarica 5 NE of Dünaburg, Latvia 100712 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene tatarica 6 NE of Dünaburg, Latvia 100712 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene tatarica 7 Lappvik FI 120803 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene uniflora ssp petraea 1 Stigmyr, Hangvar, Gotland 140829 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene uniflora ssp petraea 2 Stigmyr, Hangvar, Gotland 140829 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene uniflora ssp petraea 3 Stigmyr, Hangvar, Gotland 140829 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).


Silene uniflora ssp petraea 6 Stigmyr, Hangvar, Gotland 140829 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene uralensis ssp apetala Unna Titer, Lule Lappmark 870717 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene urvillei 1 Lesvos, Greece 100511 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene urvillei 2 Lesvos, Greece 100511 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene urvillei 3 Lesvos, Greece 100511 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene vallesia 5 Les Freaux near La Meije FR 150706 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene vallesia 6 Les Freaux near La Meije FR 150706 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene vallesia 7 Les Freaux near La Meije FR 150706 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene vallesia 8 Les Freaux near La Meije FR 150706 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene vallesia 9 Les Freaux near La Meije FR 150706 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene viscaria 1 E of Lund Sk 130607 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene viscaria 2 E of Lund Sk 130607 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene viscaria 3 Lund Sk 130603 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene viscaria 4 Lund Sk 130603 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene viscaria 7 Lund Sk 130603 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene viscosa 1 Norra Gattet, Fårö, Gotland 070803 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene viscosa 2 Norra Gattet, Fårö, Gotland 070803 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene viscosa 5 Fyns Hoved, Fyn DA 120901 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene viscosa 6 Gö, Blekinge 120707 Photo: Lars-Eric Olsson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene vulgaris ssp vulgaris 1 E of Lund Sk 130614 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene vulgaris ssp vulgaris 2 E of Lund Sk 130614 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene vulgaris ssp vulgaris 4 Lund Sk 120702 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene vulgaris var litoralis 1 Kallviksudden (Kallavi) FI 120728 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene vulgaris var litoralis 2 Kallviksudden (Kallavi) FI 120728 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene yunnanensis Yunnan 1107 Photo: Unknown (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene zawadzkii 1 Copenhagen Bot Garden 130604 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).

Silene zawadzkii 4 Lund Bot Garden 120907 - Photo: Jan Thomas Johansson (© 2014 Jan Thomas Johansson).